前几天Lit Hub做了一期“Notable Literary Deaths in 2019”，记录这一年里我们失去的作家、编辑、图书商人。在圣诞节前，他们这样写道：As if the year wasn’t bad enough, in 2019 we were obliged to say goodbye to far too many members of the worldwide literary community—from the universally beloved to the highly controversial, from the mega-famous to those who worked tirelessly behind the scenes. So before we break for the holiday, consider this a final farewell to some of the writers, editors, and booksellers we lost this year—though it is certain that for most, this tribute will not be their last.
而在这同样不好不坏的一年里，在翻译的行业里，我们同样失去了太多的大师、前辈。就像Lithub的一位读者评论那样：The world ends every second, every hour, every day, for someone.
Tuvya Ruebner, who was awarded the Israel Prize for Hebrew poetry in 2008, passed away at his home in Kibbutz Merhavya on Monday. He was 95.Ruebner was an accomplished photographer and translator, translating noted Hebrew writers such as Leah Goldberg and S. Y. Agnon into German.Born Kurt Ruebner in Czechoslovakia’s Bratislava in 1924, he immigrated to Mandate Palestine in 1941. His entire family was murdered in Auschwitz in 1942.Calling his poetic and translation work “an unusual bridge to European culture,” Dr. Gideon Tikotcki of Tel Aviv University said that his translations were so superb that they might have been the reason why S. Y. Agnon won the Noble Prize for literature in 1966 Agnon won the award alongside Jewish poet Nelly Sachs.
Eminent Malayalam poet and translator Attoor Ravi Varma died at a private hospital here on Friday afternoon, following age-related ailments. He was 88.Attoor has won several awards, including Sahitya Akademi Award, Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award, Ezhuthachan Puraskaram, Aasan Memorial Award, Kunjiraman Nair Award and Premji Award.He had written about 150-odd poems, which had been published as a book ‘Attoorinte Kavithakal’.
He came to feel at home in Japan, where he received many honors for his work, and settled permanently in 2011. “I gradually thought of Japan as a place where I would like to live, and also where I would like to die,” the native New Yorker said in a 2015 interview with The Associated Press. Keene was the first foreigner to receive the “Order of Culture” from the Japanese government in 2008 for persons who have contributed greatly to Japanese art, literature or culture. He also was the first non-Japanese to receive the Yomiuri Literary Prize for literary criticism in 1985. His translations included works by 20th-century writer Yukio Mishima, who was a friend.
先看的媒体报道再看的书，在豆瓣刷书评才看到原来入选过去年的“最受关注图书”，难怪会有印象。 书名写川菜，甚至作者也是美食作家，但实际内容却夹杂了不少的“私货”，而且都是干货，比如对于毛的评价，比如对于建国后两场灾难的描写，都已经突破了当下很多的出版禁忌。所以译者说要感谢上海译文。 那一段对于拆迁主题的书写和思考让人印象深刻。扶霞说，一方面，这样的拆除实在是个悲剧，是我个人的悲剧：竟然爱上了一个正如此迅速地消失着的地方。我对饮食烹饪的研究，初衷是想记录一个生机勃勃的城市。后来我才明白，从很多角度来说，我都在书写老成都的“墓志铭”。她甚至感觉这也是成都人的悲剧。 这样的书写很难让人不将其与写《江城》的何伟做对比。但是同样作为旅居者，虽然一个是和平队的英文教师，一个是川大的留学生，却几乎是在同一个时期（扶霞去成都大概是在1994年，何伟去涪陵应该是在1996年），同一个时代背景下（城市化刚刚开始），将自己与世隔绝地（《江城》和《鱼翅》都讲到了尚不便利的通讯）置身于中国西部的烟火人间里。不过，我依然觉得何更像是已经成为了涪陵小城的一部分，而扶却更像是一个中国美食的旁观者，虽然她做出了比前者更加大胆更加融入当地人和当地生活的努力。这样的错觉不知道是否应该归因于非虚构写作的手法不同亦或是翻译。 译者说，在大陆和台湾出版的中文版均删去了“Journey to the West”。找了英文原版准备来看。毕竟这个主题，也曾在何伟1996年的笔下出现过。
★★★★ 中式英语之鉴 Joan Pinkham、姜桂华
给中式英语的三点提议：-First, is my version clear (no pronouns without plain antecedents, no misplaced vague or so highly condensed as to be incomprehensible)? -Second, is my version logical? -Third, is my version as we can propose a list of dangling modifiers, no expressions so of tight and as light as possible?